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A brief history of the development of boxing

Boxing is an alternative sport among Olympic sports. It has been criticized for being too violent and had an ill-fated fate. It was once expelled from the Olympic Games. However, there is no other sport that is as close to the true nature of sports as boxing and has inspired many people. The most primitive power of the human body arouses the most surging enthusiasm in the audience.

Boxing and archery are ancient survival skills used by primitive people to strengthen their bodies and survive in harsh environments. Before bows and arrows were invented, humans had to defend themselves with fists. This was the beginning of boxing. It was first seen in historical records in Egypt in the 40th century BC. In the ancient Olympic Games, boxing was already one of the events. In 1896, in the first Summer Olympics, the Greek king did not approve boxing as one of the events because he believed that boxing was too violent, dangerous and inhumane. In 1881, the British Amateur Boxing Association was established, and boxing began to spread around the world. By the third Summer Olympics, men’s boxing was officially included as one of the events. However, in the 1912 Stockholm Olympics, boxing disappeared for a time because Swedish law did not allow boxing. In 1920, boxing was once again included in the list of Olympic events, where it remains today. The Hong Kong Boxing Association was established in 1955 and is a member of the International Amateur Boxing Association (AIBA) and the World Boxing Council (WBC). In recent years, Hong Kong players have won many medals in women’s and youth international events. So far, international The Amateur Boxing Association has members from more than 190 countries or regions. At the same time, the first World Cup Women’s Boxing Championship was also held in Finland in 1999.

Boxing has a long history, and it originated from the beginning of mankind. In order to survive and compete, humans invented it. Initially, it was a means of protecting people’s lives and property. Records show that it has a history of more than 5,000 years. In the “Encyclopedia Britannica” there is a record that “in the 40th century BC, the remains of boxing were discovered in the Euphrates and Tigris river basins.” The ancient Egyptians recorded “leather bandages” as protective gear for boxing in hieroglyphs. Later, around the 17th century BC, boxing spread to ancient Greece via the Mediterranean island of Creek. On a pair of magnetic bottles excavated on the Aegean coast in the 5th century BC, there is a boxing pattern of two people attacking and defending each other. In Greek mythology, it is said that the Athenian prince Sesias (1000 BC) was proficient in boxing and once played this kind of boxing. In archaeological excavations in Mesopotamia, relics of boxing activities before 1700 were also discovered.

Since the ancient Roman Emperor Theodores banned boxing, the boxing world has been almost lonely for more than four centuries. The main reason is that people are unforgettable about the brutal influence of ancient Roman boxing; on the other hand, due to the popularity of horseback sword fighting in various parts of Europe, horseback technology has inhibited the development of boxing. Chivalric sports belong to the ruling class and aristocracy, and must be Christian. As a self-defense technique and entertainment activity, boxing is still popular among the people, but it cannot be played in public.

In the 8th century AD, when the Ottoman Empire came to power, the court formulated a new system: “trial by combat.” It means that when a difficult case is encountered during the trial, the two parties are ordered to duel, and the winner wins the lawsuit. If it was a lawsuit between nobles, they would follow the aristocratic custom of riding horses and wearing body armor to fight with swords; while if it was a lawsuit between civilians, the winner would be decided by boxing. Since then, boxing has spread more widely among civilians.

In 1200 AD, the missionary Saint Bernardine saw the tragedy of many young people dying in sword fights and tried to promote boxing instead of sword fighting. He abolished the barbaric methods of ancient Roman boxing and promoted bare-handed boxing, making it a physical activity based on the principle of physical exercise. Saint Bernard opened a boxing training school in Sina, Italy, where he served as a coach, presided over boxing matches and performed referee work. When encountering an emergency that may be dangerous during the race, he will promptly order the race to stop to prevent unnecessary injuries. This improved boxing gradually became popular among young people. Saint Bernard has always been passionate about boxing throughout his life, which made boxing come back after being interrupted for centuries and became an indelible milestone in the history of boxing.

In the 16th century, boxing crossed the Strait of Toba and spread to England. At the end of the 17th century AD, boxing was revived in England. At the beginning of the 18th century AD, boxing matches with prizes appeared in Britain. In 1719, the first British boxing champion James Figg (1695-1734), known as the ancestor of modern boxing, was born, and he held the championship for 11 years. He was known as the “Invincible General”. Figg’s Boxing is an unprotected, unarmed, “life and death” type of fighting. He founded the world’s earliest boxing school and became the cradle of British boxing athletes.

After Figg’s death, his protégé John Broughton (1704-1789) inherited his boxing career. In order to reduce boxing injuries and accidents, he organized a boxing club. In order to make boxing more sportsmanlike, he introduced a new and the world’s earliest professional boxing competition rules on August 16, 1743, named “Broughton Rules”. The main rules stipulate that it is not allowed to hit a person who has fallen to the ground and it is not allowed to hit any part below the waist. At the same time, Broughton invented the first soft leather gloves to protect the skin of the face. Later, Broughton also built a large arena in London as a center for teaching boxing and organizing boxing matches. Because Broughton proposed a new direction for boxing and played an important role in the healthy development of boxing, later generations called him the “Father of Boxing.”

In 1792 AD, in order to promote boxing, the British boxing champion Mendosha joined a circus and traveled to various parts of the British Isles to perform boxing performances and actively promote boxing. In 1798, he wrote the first boxing guide in the history of boxing, named “The Art of Boxing”, which was very popular among people. Mendosha was a pioneer in the study of boxing and a hero in the development of boxing.

In 1838, London, England, formulated and promulgated the “London Boxing Championship Rules” based on Broughton’s original rules, which were used in boxing matches. This rule was also modified in 1853. In 1865, he was a member of the Amateur Athletic Club in London, England. Journalist John Goulaham Qianbas further improved and revised the new boxing rules. John Sholutu Douglas, Marquess of Queensbury, England, served as the guarantor of the new rules and named it “British” Queensberry Boxing Rules”. In this rule, it is clearly stipulated that those participating in boxing matches must wear boxing gloves. Each round of the match lasts for 3 minutes, with a 1-minute rest between rounds. Hugging and wrestling are prohibited during the match, otherwise it will be deemed a foul; A few seconds will start after one party is knocked down. If the person who was knocked down cannot stand up within 10 seconds, the other party will be judged as the winner. This rule basically formed the competition framework for subsequent boxing matches and pointed out the direction for promoting the development of boxing.

After the British Queensberry Rules were formed, it took about 20 years of repeated practice and application before they were gradually recognized by people. For example, the rule that gloves must be used in matches lasted until September 7, 1892, when John L. Saliban and Kim Gobed wore five-ounce gloves for the world’s first heavyweight championship match. It was finally determined in the boxing rules and adopted by all boxing matches. The continuous revision and improvement of the above-mentioned rules, especially the finalization of the British Queensberg Rules, laid the foundation for the promotion of modern boxing competitions. From another perspective, the efforts of British boxing fans have made an indelible contribution to promoting and promoting the development of modern boxing games.

Modern boxing Modern boxing originated in England in the 18th century. At that time, the game did not wear gloves, and there were no rules and time limits until the second party lost the ability to continue the game. The famous British boxer J. Broughton formulated the earliest boxing rules in 1743 in response to the chaos of boxing matches. He also designed boxing gloves in 1747, which contributed to the development of modern boxing. In 1839, the United Kingdom promulgated new rules for the London Boxing Championship, which were revised in 1853, prohibiting kicks, headbutts, low blows with teeth, etc., and stipulating that the boxing ring should be surrounded by ropes. In 1867, British journalist Chamber Si wrote new boxing rules that emphasized tactics and techniques in boxing. The British Amateur Boxing Association was established in London in 1880, and the first championship was held in 1881. The International Amateur Boxing Federation was established on the eve of the 8th Olympic Games in 1924. There are two kinds of boxing sports in the world today, namely professional boxing and amateur boxing. The boxing competitions in the Olympic Games and Asian Games are amateur boxing. The two types of boxing are very different in terms of competition rules and methods. At the 3rd Olympic Games in St. Louis, boxing was listed as an official event for the first time. Only 44 athletes from one country, the United States, participated in the competition. The United States naturally won all championships in the seven levels. By the 18th Olympic Games held in Tokyo, Japan, in 1964, there were 269 athletes from 56 countries. Modern boxing in my country began in the late 1920s, and was originally called “Western Boxing”. Someone first translated a book called “Western Boxing”. 

Due to the continuous advancement of technology and training methods, boxing, a long-standing physical fighting art, continues to be at the forefront of combat sports. At the end of the 20th century, with the rise of fighting events, boxing was widely studied by various fighting experts and became one of the common compulsory subjects for fighting players in the new century.

With the development of the world’s economy and society, boxing has gradually been divided into two major systems. The first is professional boxing. Professional boxing is controlled by the capitalist market economy, that is, money. All events and activities are controlled by agents and clubs. According to the arrangement, professional boxers regard boxing as their profession, participate in professional boxing matches to make money, and strive to obtain the “golden belt” of professional boxing as their goal. The four major professional boxing organizations currently recognized in the world are: World Boxing Organization, referred to as WBO; World Boxing Association, referred to as WBA; World Boxing Council, referred to as WBC; International Boxing Federation, referred to as IBF.

The classes in professional boxing are as follows. All 17 levels.

Level nameweight(Kg)weight(Ibs)
HeavyMore than 90.719kgMore than 200lbs
Cruiser/Heavy Jr.90.719kg200lbs
Light heavy79.379kg175lbs
Super middle76.204kg168lbs
Super welter/Middle Jr.69.853kg154lbs
Super Light/Welter Jr.63.503kg140lbs
Super feather/Light Jr.58.967kg130lbs
Super bantam/Feather Jr.55.338kg122lbs
Super fly/Bantam Jr.52.163kg115lbs
Light fly/Fly Jr.48.988kg108lbs
Minimun/Straw/Mini fly47.627kg105lbs

The second type is amateur boxing that everyone is familiar with. The purpose of amateur boxing is to enhance the health and friendship of boxing fans and athletes through boxing matches, and to cultivate the excellent qualities of boxers who are tenacious and brave. It is the only international organization. It is the “International Amateur Boxing Federation”, referred to as IABA. The well-known comprehensive events such as the Olympic Games, Asian Games, and National Games, as well as boxing competitions such as the Boxing World Championships, Asian Championships, domestic national championships, championship matches, etc. are all in the International Amateur Boxing Competitions organized by the federation and its affiliated organizations. There are huge differences between professional boxing and amateur boxing in terms of rules, competition formats and competition purposes.

The classes established by the International Amateur Boxing Federation are as follows. All 12 levels.

Level nameweight(Kg)
Super heavyMore than 91kg
Light heavy75kg-81kg
Light welter60kg-64kg
Light fly46kg-49kg

In 1904, boxing was included as an official event at the 3rd Olympic Games in Saint-Louis, France. In 1946, the first international amateur boxing organization, the International Amateur Boxing Federation (IABA), was officially established in London, England. On November 24, 1994, at the International Amateur Boxing Federation Congress held in Beijing, it was passed that “women’s boxing will be included as an official event from 1996.” Women’s boxing became an official sport for the first time at the 2012 London Olympics.

The classes for the women’s game are as follows. All 13 levels.

Level nameKg
Light heavy75kg-80kg
Light Middle66kg-70kg
Light welter60kg-63kg
Light Bantam50kg-52kg
Light fly46kg-48kg

Boxing has caused great influence and sensation in society. Almost the whole world knows that Tyson bit Holyfield. This is not only a shame for the boxing industry, but also one of the social effects of boxing on society. way. Of course, the impact of boxing on society is not just about these scandals or tidbits. The most important thing is the rough and wild charm of boxing itself. Boxing shows high strength, health, and skill, and has a strong appeal. and irritating.

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